Thanksgiving is one of my favorite holidays because it is a day to gather with friends and family and break bread without the pressure of having to buy gifts. As a former history teacher I always wondered what the first Thanksgiving was like. So, for this article I did a little research to find out how this American tradition started and what the first Thanksgiving was really like.
The first Thanksgiving in 1621 at Plymouth Colony was a meeting between a brotherhood of English men and a brotherhood of Native American men. They were meeting to celebrate a good harvest and to an alliance amongst their nations. Being that the representatives were from different nations and were all men, the First Thanksgiving was an International Frat Party, perhaps the first in English America.
The first Thanksgiving was a fest of feasting that lasted three days. Pilgrim and Indian alike wanted to “rejoice together after we had gathered the fruit of our labors” (Edward Winslow, 1621). Many of the attendants had to travel from far away so leaving the same day was not customary. Instead they stayed a while and rewarded their hard work with some well deserved play time.
The first Thanksgiving was not a family gathering like we have today. It was a political meeting and a harvest celebration. Without the Wampanoags it is likely the Pilgrims would not have been celebrating at all. The Pilgrims had scarcely survived their first fall in the New World so a celebration was in order. Leaders, mostly men, from both nations were in attendance.
There were women there too, but only four English women, no Native American women. These four English women were were the only ones that survived the first year in the colony. Nevertheless, their function was primarily to attend the men at the party.
There is no doubt the food was fowl. Winslow relates that four English men that were sent out on a hunting party brought back lots of fowl which they ate during the three days of celebration. The Pilgrims had turkey stored for the winter but it is unclear whether it was consumed at the First Thanksgiving. But food wasn’t just fowl!
The Wampanoag brought venison which they presented as a gift to the English. They also ate seafood that was available locally such as clams, eels, lobsters, mussels and cod and vegetables such as onions, turnips, spinach, carrots and pumpkin.
Let them eat pie! Said no one at the First Thanksgiving. While they had the pumpkin they did not have any of the other accoutrements such as an oven or ingredients such as flour with which to make pie. So bye-bye Miss American Pie, she was nowhere to be seen at the First Thanksgiving.
If they knew what they were missing, they might have been singing the blues like Louis Armstrong in his song “All that Meat and No Potatoes”. But the white potato and the sweet potato had not yet ventured north from South America and the Caribbean respectively, so the colonists and the Wampanoags had no idea what they were missing.
According to Linda Coombs, director of the Wampanoag Center for Bicultural History they probably ate “sobaheg,” a Wampanoag version of stuffing made up of corn, roots, beans, squash and various meats.
So the First Thanksgiving was quite different from the Thanksgiving dinner we celebrate today. But the essence of gathering and giving thanks is still alive and well and for that I am very thankful. I hope that you are too and that you and your family have a wonderful Thanksgiving together.
EDITOR, PUBLISHER, WRITER, PHOTOGRAPHER, REALTOR®
Désirée Ávila has called Oakland Park her home for over 33 years. In addition to publishing LivingInOaklandPark.com, Désirée has been featured in print publications, locally and abroad. Désirée was an award winning teacher for 10 years and has a doctoral level education in Educational Technology. She is currently a licensed Florida Realtor® and is committed to a high-level of professionalism.
Désirée consistently professionally develops herself and has earned several different professional designations and certifications in real estate including the PSA, e-Pro, AHWD, SRS, ABR, and SFR. She was also awarded the C2EX, Commitment to Excellence award by the National Association for Realtors (NAR). This award is given to Realtors® that distinguish themselves for their commitment to excellence in the real estate industry.
She is esteemed by her real estate colleagues and has consistently received 5 star reviews from her clients. Her philosophy about real estate is that being a Realtor® is a way of teaching and helping people, and in the process a real estate transaction may occur, that is to say her foremost priority is and has always been about helping others.
She is dedicated to her hometown of Oakland Park and works consistently on building and fostering a strong community. She is passionate about photography and loves to read books about history ; the more detail the better! In addition to English, Désirée is fluent in Portuguese, Spanish, French and Italian.
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